Dark spots or hyper-pigmentation is a direct consequence of the over-production of melanin from melanocytes in the skin. Melanin is the pigment responsible for skin color. Although dark spots on the skin is not always a matter of concern. However, people opt to get rid of this for cosmetic purposes.
This article will discuss some of the reasons for dark spots on the skin and how to get rid of dark spots using top-notch quality dermatological procedures and home remedies.
There are numerous options available to get rid of dark spots. However, it is a tough job to decide where to start? What ingredients should I look for? Most important is which one will help get rid of the dark circles.
- Reasons for dark spots:
- Management of dark spots:
- Home Remedies for Dark Spots:
- Best dark spot correctors:
- Traits to Look for Before Choosing the Best Dark Spot Corrector:
- Frequently Asked Questions:
Reasons for dark spots:
There are many possible reasons for skin dark spots. Some of which are discussed below:
One of the significant reasons for a dark spot is exposure to harmful radiation from the sun, as the sun can cause a rise in melanin production. Those areas getting maximum exposure are more likely to develop these dark spots or hyperpigmentation. Now you know why we get more dark spots during summers?
Hormonal imbalance can be a trigger of a skin disorder known as “melasma.” It is a condition characterized by skin discoloration and patches and contributes to dark spots. In addition, both estrogen and progesterone cause a significant increase in melanin production, that’s why pregnant women face skin spots and discoloration during pregnancy.
A side effect of any medication:
Dark spots can be a result of any medicine’s side effects. Most commonly, NSAIDs (Non-Steroidal Anti Inflammatory Drugs), tetracyclines, and some psychotropic drugs have the potential to produce dark spots.
According to a study, age can cause a rise in melanin production. For this reason, you’ll find more people with mature skin having dark spots than young people.
Inflammation or wound:
Any inflammation or wound may also account for the development of dark spots. Certain skin conditions like eczema, psoriasis, skin injury and acne can also form dark spots.
This Extra melanin can be a consequence of any other factor such as skin irritation caused by acne, waxing, or using any scrub containing harsh chemicals. Now that you know the reason behind these spots. So, keep in touch to find out how to get rid of dark spots?
Management of dark spots:
There are mainly two ways by which you can get rid of your dark spots. One way is by going for dermatologist-approved procedures, and another one is getting it fixed by using home remedies.
A dermatologist may recommend using creams to lighten the dark spots on the skin or in some instances remove them. The treatment, however, may depend on the reason, size, and area of the dark spots on the body.
There are many ways a dermatologist can help remove dark spots on the skin, some of which are discussed as under;
Various kinds of laser procedures are available. However, the most famous and commonly used laser that lightens the dark spots utilizes intense pulse light laser technology. This laser technology targets melanin and breaks down the dark spots on the face and skin.
A dermatologist typically utilizes a device while performing this procedure that peels off the dead outer layer of the skin. This procedure enhances collagen production, which helps reduce dark spots on the skin.
It is comparatively a new procedure involving applying the solution to the skin to exfoliate and revamp the skin.
These prescription creams contain a bleaching agent that reduces or lightens the skin. However, it works slowly and takes several months to produce a desirable effect. For instance, hydroquinone, an active ingredient in such creams, keeps them from producing melanin.
Home Remedies for Dark Spots:
Apart from cosmetic procedures and prescription creams, certain home remedies can work well to help get rid of dark spots on the skin. A few of them are discussed below;
OTC (Over the counter) creams:
These over-the-counter (OTC) creams are not as potent as compare prescription medicines. However, they can help reduce these dark spots to a certain extent. Certain products like retinol and alpha hydroxy acid help speed up the exfoliation process to promote the growth of new skin. While going for skin lightening products, you should always seek dermatologist-recommended products to avoid any harmful effects.
Exfoliate with papaya:
What should be the surefire method to enhance the overall skin tone? Well, exfoliating the top dead layer of the skin with any natural exfoliant such as papaya is a great idea. Papaya has fruit acids like alpha-hydroxy acids, a chemical exfoliant that improves the skin tone by removing the top dead layer of the skin, revealing a healthy inner glow. Moreover, it also helps in collagen production. Apply meshed papaya on your face as a mask, then massage in a circular motion to get added benefits from exfoliation.
Use turmeric to unify the skin tone:
For centuries, people in the subcontinent, Central America, and subtropical areas have extensively used turmeric for its exceptional healing properties. Apart from reducing inflammation, turmeric has also been used to enhance beauty for ages. It has been shown to effectively reduce melanin production, which is the cause of dark spots on the skin. To get rid of dark spots, apply a mask containing an equal proportion of turmeric and honey (1:1) on your face. You can also add a few drops of lemon to get skin lightening effect faster.
Using potatoes to lighten the skin spots:
Potato has skin-lightening properties and thus can effectively be used as a spot reducer. You can use potatoes to reduce dark spots by cutting the slices and putting them on. Leave these slices over the spots for few minutes, then wash them with lukewarm water. You can also apply it as a face mask by adding honey to it.
Lemon juice has been used for centuries to enhance beauty. It has bleaching and skin-lightening properties. It is such a powerful ingredient capable of solving all your skin issues within a week or two. Dip a cotton ball in lemon juice, then apply and rub it over dark spots for few minutes.
Aloe vera is known for its healing and soothing properties. It has long been used to enhance the beautiful appearance and reducing dark spots. That’s the reason why aloe vera is used in many beauty products. Take the aloe vera gel and apply it on your face affected areas with the help of fingertips and start observing positive results in a week or two.
Onion doesn’t merely make you cry, but they also help reduce the appearance of dark spots on your skin. You can apply onion juice directly to the affected area twice or thrice daily to yield maximum results.
The remedies, as mentioned earlier, work wonders if used correctly and regularly. However, a healthy diet is another critical factor for healthy glowing skin, which you shouldn’t avoid.
Best dark spot correctors:
This article will reveal the five best dark spot removals of 2021 that will efficiently reduce the appearance of dark spots. Stay with u
1. EnaSkin Dark Spot Corrector Remover for Face and Body
1. EnaSkin Dark Spot
This Enaskin dark spot corrector is Amazon’s choice and a top-rated product equipped with advanced anti-spot ingredients, having an all-inclusive skin tone correcting technology to provide a spotless radiant look. This product is the best-reviewed product with a score of 9.89 /10 based on user opinion.
This Enaskin corrector is suitable for almost all skin types and equally effective for men and women. It is an entirely vegan, cruelty-free and gluten-free product. It is a daily treatment that helps minimize the emergence of dark spots and pigmentation, which also helps beautifies and brightens the skin.
This dark spot corrector serum is effective for various kinds of face spots. It covers them all efficiently, from typically dark to small dotted spots that are blur and scattered all over the face.
- Suitable for almost all skin types
- Nourishes and rejuvenates the skin
- Works efficiently on a wide variety of dark spots
- Unifies the skin tone
- May trigger a burning sensation.
2. Meraz Pureauty naturals dark spot cream:
2. Meraz Pureauty naturals
This Meraz Pureauty natural dark spot cream contains an advanced formula to help treat dark spots and pigmentation on the skin. It is powered with a strong combo of powerful ingredients like Resveratrol, Alpha-Arbutin, and Kojic acid that helps minimize pores’ appearance and rejuvenate the skin.
Stop wasting money on useless chemicals-loaded products to treat dark spots. Rather go for the Pureauty Naturals skin lightening serum that will help lighten the appearance of dark spots, pigmentation and blemishes. The premium quality ingredients like Jojoba oil, Kojic acid, and Green tea extract softens and soothes the skin.
This spot reducing cream is effective for both men and women, suitable for almost all skin types. It is an entirely vegan product. Applying this product every day will help you achieve the beautiful, healthy, and smooth skin you always dreamed of.
- Never tested on animals
- Suitable for all skin types
- For both men and women
- can be used on face, thighs, neck, under arms, knees, and elbows
- Nourishes and soothes the skin
- Even suitable for bikini areas
- Not for every skin.
3. Admire my skin Dark Spot Corrector Remover for Face Melasma Treatment Fade Cream
3. Admire my skin Dark
Are you still worried about your dark circles and melasma and sick of spending your hard-earned money on products with zero results? You are at the right place. The Admire my skin dark spot corrector has more satisfied customers than others with proven results.
This ultra-potent brightening serum is loaded with 1% Synovea, Kojic acid, Azelaic acid, Lactic acid, Salicylic acid, and Vitamin C, which softly fades dark skin spots to unleash brighter colours and clear skin. For maximum results, use this corrector every day for four weeks as advised and see the difference for yourself.
Always do a patch test first, as this product is potent. Discontinue the product if causing irritation and contact a dermatologist. Do not use this product for continuously 60 days. Give your skin rest for 30 days. It is advised because users of hydroquinone may develop resistance if constantly used.
- Brightens the skin and corrects the dark spots
- Guaranteed results in 4 weeks
- Effective for the whole body
- Skin irritation
4. Clinique Even Better Clinical Radical Dark Spot Corrector
4. Clinique Even Better
This Clinique-even better clinical corrector is a radical dark spot corrector and interrupter and hides and blurs the dark skin spots and brightens the skin to give a radiant look. Clinique is the most powerful lightning and brightening serum that visibly helps correct the pigmentation, discoloration, acne scars, and face spots.
This corrector is free from harsh chemicals like Paraben, Phthalate, denatured alcohol, fragrance, and Sulfates. It is an oil-free product and claims to visible start producing effects in 12 weeks.
Clinique corrector is accompanied by patented CL 302 equalizer technology that produces brightening effects and improves dark spots, age spots, acne scars, and blemishes.
- Effective against dark spots, age spots, and acne scars
- Suitable for all skin types
- Free from Parabens, Phthalates, and Sulfates.
- Not for every skin.
5. Pink Madison dark spot corrector cream
5. Pink Madison
Still wondering where to find the best anti-spot cream? What about finding one that contains added anti-wrinkle and anti-aging properties? Yes, you read it right. We are talking about Pink Madison dark spot corrector cream, an all-in-one solution for your skin problem.
The skin-friendly nourishing ingredients like Hyaluronic acid, willow bark, and licorice replenish the skin, bring out the new cell turnover. Hyaluronic acid is known for its anti-ageing properties. This lightweight, anti-ageing, and rigorous moisture resurfacing cream absorbs deeply into the skin and helps reduce the dark spots, ageing signs, and wrinkles.
- Intense moisture
- Nourish the skin
- May not be suitable for sensitive skin
Traits to Look for Before Choosing the Best Dark Spot Corrector:
Always look for a product containing most or all of the mentioned ingredients to get the maximum results.
Vitamin C has long been used as a skin lightening and brightening agent. It acts as an antioxidant that prevents the skin from oxidative damage by blocking the free radicals, which otherwise can lead to wrinkles and a dull complexion. It also helps reduce melanin production, which is the leading cause of darkening skin and spots.
This ingredient is considered a gold standard and has been used extensively for over 50 years to treat dark spots on the skin and hyperpigmentation. In the concentration of 2% & less, it is considered over-the-counter. However, 4% & more fall in prescription medicine. Hydroquinone is responsible for inhibiting an enzyme called ‘tyrosinase’, which helps in melanin production. Lower the enzyme, lesser will be the problem inducer melanin.
Kojic acid is another famous ingredient used mainly for its skin lightening and brightening property. It is used in relatively low concentrations because of the risk of a skin condition ‘allergic dermatitis’. People with sensitive skin should look out for this ingredient as it can cause skin irritation. Moreover, do not expect overnight results, as it will take weeks or months to produce a visible change in the skin texture. Patience is the key.
Azelaic acid is derived naturally from oats, wheat, or rye and is thought to cause hindrance in the production of skin pigmentation. It also exhibits antibacterial properties that help fight acne and scars.
Frequently Asked Questions:
Q1. What are dark spots?
Ans: They are also termed pigmentation, age spots, or liver spots. They can cause you trouble at any time. However, it appears mostly in middle age.
Q2. Is it necessary to squeeze your dark spot?
Ans: Absolutely NO. Squeezing the spot might rupture it and have the potential to spread the bacteria to other areas of the face, increasing the chance of getting infected by putting in oil and dirt.
Q3. What to look for in an ideal anti-spot cream or serum?
Ans: Always look for a product containing Vitamin C (antioxidant that helps reduce inflammation and lightens the skin tone), Niacinamide ( B3) that diminish pigment production, Hydroquinone ( Skin lightening agent), glycolic or lactic acid (alpha-hydroxy acids that exfoliate the outer dead layer of the skin, and retinol ( helps unifies the skin tone and texture.
Spot-free flawless skin is a dream of every man and woman. However, with dark spots and blemishes, it’s tough to catch your dream. You don’t need to worry anymore as we have put together the list of the five best anti-spot correctors. Our best pick from the list is EnaSkin dark spot corrector, which removes the dark spots and pigmentation from the skin, but ingredients in its formulation help brighten the skin and conceal the dark spots, leaving behind soft, supple and nourished.